FINMARI RI integration approach

FINMARI builds a distributed national marine RI with a joint mission. We tackle the perplexing 3-D spatial and temporal variability of the Baltic Sea ecosystem, and the fast turnover of the planktonic communities, by applying state-of-the-art and evolving measurement techniques to:

  • a network of regular ferry routes capturing the major N-S and E–W gradients of the Baltic Sea
     
  • continuous flow-through measurement and buoy facilities at the Marine Research Station on Island Utö, capturing the fine-scale/long-term temporal variability of the physical, chemical and biological properties of the planktonic ecosystem
     
  • research vessels, gliders (Automatic Underwater Vehicles, AUV) or towed undulating vehicles, capturing semi-synoptically fine-scale variability within meso-scale eddies (length scales from kilometers to some tens of kilometers)
     
  • a network of profiling buoys will be stepwise moored in the vicinity to 4 coastal stations (Seili, Husö, Tvärminne, Utö), capturing the biogeographical gradient of the southern Finnish archipelago coastline with seasonal stratification dynamics, forcing the pelagic-benthic coupling and concurrent material fluxes
     
  • bottom habitats, by measuring seabed geological processes and capturing high-resolution in situ oxygen fluxes across the water-sediment interface using eddy covariance techniques
     
  • experimental laboratories, where new facilities will be established for marine process studies according to FINMARI partner profiles within the joint research framework:
    • connections between ecological interactions and genetics (Seili/UTU),
    • biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (Tvärminne/UHEL),
    • climate change and structure and function of coastal communities/populations (Husö/ÅAU), and
    • phytoplankton functional traits and diversity (SYKE-MRC)
Photos from top: Alg@line/Finnmaid, Anon.; Utö station, Lauri Laakso; Aranda winter sampling, Jari Haapala; laboratory puzzle, Sirpa Lehtinen